The Begonia maculata, also known as the ‘polka dot’ or ‘tiger wing’ Begonia, is a rare, exotic, and beautiful plant. Native to the tropical rainforests of Brazil, the Begonia maculata grows high in the trees in its natural habitat, where it has plenty of indirect light, high levels of humidity, and no extreme temperature variations.
The Begonia maculata can grow up to 28 cm tall, with slender dark green leaves, spotted in silver, white and pink hues. Its undersides sport vibrant purples, creating an exquisite contrast to the plant’s leafy exterior. Its unique foliage and colours make an attention-grabbing and unique display piece that really stands out from the crowd.
Tips for nurturing your Begonia Maculata
The Begonia maculata loves indirect or dappled sunlight, making it suitable for a brightly lit spot away from direct sunlight. For optimal growth, direct as much light onto it as possible but without causing scorching.
The Begonia maculata likes temperatures between 16℃ – 24℃ (61°F – 75°F) and should not be exposed to temperatures lower than 10℃ (50°F) as this could cause harm.
Soil type and drainage
Soil that is well-draining yet retains some moisture is the best soil type for the Begonia maculata. Pick a soil formulated for use with houseplants or make your own blend by mixing equal parts of perlite, peat moss, and potting soil.
This plant loves high humidity and needs to be misted regularly, particularly in dry environments.
The Begonia maculata can be sensitive to over and under-watering, so ensure that it is only watered when the soil is dry to the touch. Water it until the excess drains from the bottom of the pot, but then allow it to dry out for a few days before watering again.
If ingested, the Begonia maculata is toxic to both humans and animals, so keep it away from curious little fingers, paws, and mouths.
Every two weeks during the growing season, feed your Begonia maculata a balanced houseplant fertiliser to maintain its healthy growth.
Troubleshooting pests diseases and common problems
Common pests and diseases of the Begonia maculata include root rot, aphids, spider mites, and thrips. Keep an eye on your plant’s health and treat it as soon as possible. Too much sunlight, over-fertilisation, and over or under-watering can also cause harm to your plant.
Propagating your Begonia maculata is easy. All you need to do is snip off and collect a healthy stem with a few leaves and nodes and place it in a mix of moist perlite, peat moss and soil. Roots will grow in just a few weeks, and before long, you will have a new and thriving plant!
The Begonia maculata is an innovative and eye-catching addition to any interior or outdoor space and is surprisingly low maintenance. If you take the time to care for and nurture it, you will be rewarded with a stunning, exotic and rare plant that flourishes and dazzles you with its various shades and tones. If you’re looking for something special and a bit different, the Begonia maculata is exactly what you need!